Sharm El Sheikh Overview
Sharm el-Sheik, located on Sinai peninsula on the Red Sea coast and overlooking the Strait of Tiran at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, is a door to a magical underwater world of Technicolor fish and coral favored by divers, while other adventurous travelers head inland. Here, you can discover monasteries amid the arid mountains of Sinai or the distant desert oases, homes of the hardy nomads whose camel trains still wander the Saharan. Sharm El Sheik is known as “the city of Peace” due to the large number of international peace conferences held there. the Gulf of Aqaba is divided into four cities; Taba, Newiba, Dahab and Sharm El Sheik. Sharm El sheikh city is divided into five homogeneous centers: Nabq, Ras Nusrani, Umm El Sid and Sharm El Maya and Naama Bay which is the down town of Sharm El Sheik. Naama Bay is the main entertainment and gathering spot for locals and tourists in Sharm El Sheik with its many restaurants and night clubs. The National Park Ras Mohamed which is located at the tip of Sinai peninsula represent one of the most diving sites in the Red Sea due to the magnificent coral gardens present there. Tourism in Sharm El Sheik plays an important role for the city economic development. The wide range of hotels, food courts and shopping centers makes Sharm El Sheik a favorable tourist destinations world wide. Sharm El Sheik offers a compliment of activities whether water sports, scuba diving, fishing, snorkeling, para sailing and windsurfing as well as tennis, golf, horse riding and safari.
Sharm El Sheik climate is pleasant in winter from November to March the temperature averages 15-35 degrees Celsius. In summer it is a little hot the temperature averages 20-45 degrees Celsius but staying at the beach make you forget about the heat.
Sharm el Sheikh, Ras Mohammed and Tiran Island already appear on Spanish maps in 1762. Yet, the first time Sharm el Sheikh made its way into the world’s media was in 1967. It was captured by Israel during the Sinai conflict of 1956 and restored to Egypt in 1957. A United Nations peacekeeping force was subsequently stationed there until the 1967 Six Day War when it was recaptured by Israel and renamed Mifratz Shlomo, Hebrew for "Gulf of Solomon". Sharm el-Sheikh remained under Israeli control until the Sinai peninsula was returned to Egypt in 1982. Prior to 1967, Sharm el-Sheikh was little more than an occasional base of operations for local fishermen; the nearest permanent settlement was in Nabek, north of Ras el-Nasrani ("The Tiran Straits"). Commercial development of the area began during the Israeli occupation. The Israelis built the town of Ofira overlooking Sharm el-Maya Bay and opened the first tourist-oriented establishments in the area six kilometers north at Naama Bay. These included a marina hotel on the southern side of the bay, a nature field school on the northern side, diving clubs, and a now well-known promenade. Sharm El Sheikh under the Israeli possession was transformed from a simple fishing village to a tourist destination. When Sinai was restored to Egypt in 1982, the Egyptian government encouraged investors to continue the development of the city as a premier resort. According to the land plan the total area of Sharm El-Sheikh is expected to be about 42 km², in the year 2017. Sharm El-Sheikh is always referred to as the "city Peace" as many political, scientific and conferences and meetings were held over its land.The city of Sharm has hosted a number of important Middle Eastern peace conferences, including the one on September 4, 1999 when agreement to restore Palestinian self-rule over the Gaza Strip was achieved. A second meeting was held at Sharm on October 17, 2000 right after the outbreak of the second Palestinian intifada, but there were no results accomplished against violent actions. A summit, was held on August 3, 2005 in this city on developments in the Arab world such as the situation in Iraq and the Arab-Israeli conflict.